FDA approves tucatinib for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer

Tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved in combination to treat people after cancer grows on targeted therapies
Breast Cancer News
April 17, 2020
By: 
Eric Fitzsimmons, Copy Editor and Content Coordinator

The Food and Drug Administrationinfo-icon approved the targeted medicineinfo-icon tucatinib (Tukysa) to be used in treatment for people with metastaticinfo-icon HER2-positive breast cancer. The approval includes those with brain metastases. It was announced by tucatinib’s maker Seattle Geneticsinfo-icon on April 17.

Tucatinib can now be given with trastuzumabinfo-icon (Herceptininfo-icon) and capecitabineinfo-icon (Xelodainfo-icon) to treat people when the cancer has progressed after at least one other line of HER2-targeting therapyinfo-icon given for metastatic breast cancer.

Background

The approval is based on results from the HER2CLIMB trial, presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in December 2019. The randomized, double-blind trial compared tucatinib, trastuzumab, and capecitabine to trastuzumab and capecitabine with a placeboinfo-icon. People in the tucatinib group

  • went 2.2 months longer without cancer growing
  • lived 4.5 months longer

Tucatinib is a small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, a type of targeted therapyinfo-icon for HER2-positive breast cancer. The HER2CLIMB trial included people with brain metastases to test if the small molecules crossed the blood-brain barrierinfo-icon — a defense in your body that blocks many medicines from reaching the central nervous systeminfo-icon. Of people in the study with brain metastases

  • 25 percent in the tucatinib group went a year without cancer growing
  • 0 people in the placebo group went a year without cancer growing

The main side effects were diarrheainfo-icon, elevations in certain lab tests, and hand-foot syndrome.

What this means for you

The approval of tucatinib provides a combination of medicines that will be helpful to many people with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. When the HER2CLIMB results were announced, doctors were enthusiastic because it suggested people could stay on targeted treatment longer before switching to chemotherapies given by veininfo-icon and the treatment led to longer overall survival.

Importantly, people with brain metastases are often excluded from clinicalinfo-icon trials. That they were included and found to have better outcomes from the addition of tucatinib raises hopes for many in this often-overlooked community.

This is a developing story. We will update as more details become available.

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Additional Related Topics 
Metastatic
Targeted Therapy