Words to Know
A medicine used to treat symptoms of breast cancer, as well as cancers of the colon, stomach, and pancreas. It is also used in a cream to treat certain skin conditions. Fluorouracil stops cells from making DNA and it may kill cancer cells. It is a type of antimetabolite. Also called 5-fluorouracil and 5-FU.
Also called fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The removal of tissue or fluid with a thin needle for examination under a microscope. Fine-needle aspirations are sometimes used to test for breast cancer, determining whether a lump in the breast is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).
Food and Drug Administration
Also called FDA. An agency in the U.S. federal government whose mission is to protect public health by making sure that food, cosmetics, and nutritional supplements are safe to use and truthfully labeled. The Food and Drug Administration also makes sure that medicines, medical devices and equipment are safe and effective, and that blood for transfusions and transplant tissue are safe.
Also called alendronate sodium. Fosamax is a medicine prescribed to prevent bone loss in individuals treated with certain medicines for breast cancer, and is being studied in the treatment of hypercalcemia (high levels of calcium in the blood) and bone pain caused by cancer. It is also used to treat certain bone conditions. Fosamax slows the breakdown of bone and prevents the loss of calcium. It is a type of bisphosphonate.